Scients at Berkelay are developing ways produce super-efficient biofuels from soil Microbe called Ralstonia eutropha . In this unlike in existing photosynthesis based technology they are planning to use electrocatalysts. In this new technology they are developing ways to tether electrocatalysts to the bacteria’s surface. These catalysts use electricity to generate hydrogen in the presence of water. The idea is to give the bacteria the ability to produce much of their own energy source. If the approach works, the only ingredients the bacteria will need to produce biofuel would be CO2, electricity, and water. The scientists are now developing ways to attach these catalysts to electrodes and to the surface of the bacteria.