The increased emergence of drug resistant microbes creates a major challenge to the scientific community for successful development of effective therapeutics.
The antimicrobial activities of silver ions are well known, but limited information is available on the effects of green silver-nanoparticles (AgNPs) on human pathogens.
In this article, the authors evaluated the antibacterial activity of starch-stabilized AgNPs against a panel of human pathogens commonly associated with air, water and food borne infections. The shape and size distribution of AgNPs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy.
It was shown that AgNPs were more effective against Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens as compared with acid-fast bacteria. AgNPs were not cytotoxic to macrophages at the bactericidal concentration and can augment intracellular killing potential of macrophages.
Furthermore, it is shown that AgNPs disrupt biofilm formation and exhibit better antibacterial activity compared to human cationic antimicrobial peptide LL-37.
In summary, our data suggest AgNPs as a promising template for the design of novel antibacterial agents, they said.