Smokers In India Increasing

· TGI - Cancer, TGI - General, TGI - Health
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More people smoke worldwide today than in 1980, as population growth surges and cigarettes gain popularity in countries such as China, India and Russia, researchers said on Tuesday. The rise in the number of smokers comes despite overall declines in the smoking rate in recent decades, as many people have realized the health dangers of tobacco, said the report. The study, led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, measured data from 187 countries. The data was published as part of a series of tobacco-related articles to coincide with the 50th anniversary of the first US Surgeon General’s report on the risks of smoking.

It found that the global smoking rate among men was 41 percent in 1980, but has sincesmoke_cancer_chronicdisease declined to an average of 31 percent. “Since we know that half of all smokers will eventually be killed by tobacco, greater numbers of smokers will mean a massive increase in premature deaths in our lifetime,” said co-author Alan Lopez of the University of Melbourne. Among women, the estimated prevalence of daily tobacco smoking was 10.6 percent in 1980, and by 2012 that had fallen to 6.2 percent. The most rapid decrease began in the mid-1990s, but smoking has actually risen again among men since 2010, said the findings. “This deceleration in the global trend was in part due to increases in the number of smokers since 2006 in several large countries including Bangladesh, China, Indonesia and Russia,” said the study.

China boasted nearly 100 million more smokers in 2012 than it had three decades ago, even though its smoking rate fell from 30 to 24 percent in that span, said the findings in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

  1. China had 182 million smokers in 1980, and nearly 282 million in 2012.
  2. India gained 35 million smokers — bringing its total to 110 million
  3. Russia has added one million smokers since 1980.
  4. France had 14 million smokers in 2012, two million more people than in 1980
  5. The US smoking rate went from 30.6 percent in 1980 to 15.8 percent in 2012. Similar trends were seen in Australia.

Globally, the number of smokers has climbed from 721 million in 1980 to 967 million in 2012. The number of cigarettes smoked annually has also risen 26 percent over the past three decades.

“The greatest health risks are likely to occur in countries with high prevalence and high consumption,” said the study. Those countries include China, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Korea, the Philippines, Uruguay, Switzerland and Russia, it said.

The highest smoking rates among men in 2012 were in

    1. Timor-Leste (61 percent)
    2. Indonesia (57 percent)
    3. Armenia (51.5 percent)
    4. Russia (51 percent)
    5. Cyprus (48 percent)

Top countries for women smokers were smokingeffects_women

    1. Greece (34.7 percent)
    2. Bulgaria (31.5 percent)
    3. Austria (28.3 percent)
    4. France (27.7 percent)
    5. Belgium (26.1 percent).

A larger proportion of women in France smoked in 2012 (28 percent) than 1980 (19 percent), while the rate for men went the opposite direction, declining from 42 percent to 34 percent.

How many cigarettes on average were consumed per smoker each day in 2012:

    1. Mauritania was the highest with 41, or two packs a day
    2. Saudi Arabia’s smokers averaged 35 cigarettes per day
    3. Taiwan’s 32

“As tobacco remains a threat to the health of the world’s population, intensified efforts to control its use are needed,” said the study.

Where the biggest gains against smoking have been made since 1980, particularly in countries where more than one in five people smoked?

    1. Iceland
    2. Mexico
    3. Canada
    4.  Sweden
    5. Norway
    6. Denmark.
    7. The United States
    8. New Zealand
    9. Australia
    10. Britain

“Where countries take strong action, tobacco use can be dramatically reduced.”

Source

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